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湖南学士学位英语考试真题及答案

2021-01-14 15:14:13   来源:湖南成考网    点击: 学习交流群+ 加入 微信公众号+ 关注
作者:陈老师

  【导读】湖南成考网为考生准备了湖南学士学位英语考试真题及答案。想要获得我省成考院校学士学位证书的考生需要通过学位英语考试,建议考生提前备考,多做真题,顺利通过考试。

湖南学士学位英语考试真题及答案

  Part ⅠReading Comprehension (30%)

  Directions: There are three passages in this part each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

  In 1866, sailors on a German ship called Paula threw a bottle with a message into waters hundreds of miles off the western coast of Australia. One hundred and thirty-one year later, (76) the bottle was found on an Australia island.

  It’s believed to be the oldest-known message in a bottle, in terms if the amount of time that has passed between when it was written and when it was found. Before this discovery, Guinness(吉尼斯) world Records said that the oldest was 108 years old, found in Germany in 2015. Australian and German researchers worked together to check whether the note is real or not.

  Tonya Illman was walking on the beach in January when she spotted the old bottle. “I picked it up thinking it might look nice on display in my home,” Illman says, according to an account on her husband’s website. (77) The bottle was partially filled with wet sand. Shortly after, Illman’s son’s girlfriend poured out the contents and found a tightly rolled note covered in a piece of string.

  Too damp to open initially, according to the account, the group waited for it to dry and were amazed to see that it was carefully handwritten in German. “The first thing that caught my eye was the year 1866,” said Illman’s husband Kym. “It seemed totally unlikely to us that the note and bottle could have lasted that long.”

  The pair reached out to the Western Australia Museum, which set out to study the document. “Extraordinary finds need extraordinary evidence to support them, so we contacted colleagues in German for help to find more information,” Ross Anderson, who is in charge of works of art in the museum, said in a statement.

  But this message is no SOS or love letter.

  1. According to Guinness World Records, the second oldest message was found ________.

  A. in 2014 B. in 2015 C. 2017 D. in 2016

  2. Which of the following is TRUE?

  A. A sailor named Paula threw the old bottle into waters in 1866

  B. Kym found the old bottle first

  C. This oldest message was found in Germany

  D. The oldest message was 131 years old

  3. From the passage, we learn that__________.

  A. Tonya found the bottle first

  B. Tonya and Kym contacted researchers in Germany for help

  C. Illman’s son broke the bottle to take out what was inside

  D. The note was written in English

  4. The word damp in Paragraph 4 is closet in meaning to _________.

  A. wet B. dry C. cool D. hot

  5. Which of the following is probably the best title for this passage?

  A. The Oldest-Known Message Found in Australia

  B. The Old-Known Message Found in Germany

  C. An Extraordinary Evidence of History

  D. A Guinness Beer Bottle

  Passage 2

  Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  A handwritten note from Albert Einstein sold for more than $1.5 million at an auction (拍卖会). He gave the note to a hotel porter in Japan in 1922. Einstein was not carrying money when the porter came to his room. (78) He was unable to give a cash tip, as a guest normally would. Instead he gave a tip on how to live life.

  “A calm and modest life brings more happiness than pursuit of success combined with constant restlessness.” Einstein wrote. The note was written in German. It was written on notepaper from the imperial Hotel in Ginza, Tokyo, where Einstein was delivering a series of lectures.

  He was travelling to Asia when news that he had won the Nobel Prize for Physics reached him via telegraph. Einstein was unable to attend the prize-giving ceremony in Stockholm.

  Gal Wiener is head of the auction house in Jerusalem, Israel, where the note was sold. He said Einstein told the hotel porter to keep the note since it will probably be worth more than a regular trip.

  Bidding(拍卖中的出价) on the note began at $2000. It was expected to sell for no more than $8000. But 25 minutes later, the auction house made the major sale.

  (79) A second Einstein note was sold at the auction. It went for more than $200,000. “where there a will, there’s a way.” the note says.

  The identity of the person or group that sold the notes has not been made public. Nor has that of the buyer or buyers.

  6. The word tip in Line 4 paragraph 1 probably mean _____________.

  A. advice B. trick C. news D. trend

  7. The note was written in_________.

  A. English B. Japanese C. German D. French

  8. Albert Einstein went to Japan to __________.

  A. visit some friends B. do some sightseeing

  C. receive the Nobel Prize D. give a series of lectures

  9. The estimated sale value of the first note is about _____________.

  A. $2000 B. $ 8000 C. $200,000 D. $1.5 million

  10. According to the passage, which of the following statement is NOT TRUE?

  A. Einstein gave the porter the note instead of a tip.

  B. The buyer of the second note was a Japanese businessman.

  C. Einstein learned that he had won the Nobel Prize during his trip to Japan.

  D. Einstein told the porter to keep the note since it might become valuable.

  Passage 3

  Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

  In 1950, Helena Rubinstein was one of the richest women in the world. She started with nothing. She had no money, no education, and no one to help her. All she had were 12 jars of face cream and a lot of energy and ambition. She turned there into a multimillion-dollar cosmetics(化妆品) empire.

  Helena Rubinstein was born in 1870 in Krakow, Poland. She was the oldest of eight girls. Helena’s mother thought that beauty was very important. She used a special skin cream that a foreign chemist made for her. Helena’s mother made all of her daughters use it too.

  Helena’s father wanted her to be a doctor. But she hated medicine and left school. Her father was very angry. Then he wanted her to get married, but she refused. In 1992, she went to Melbourne, Australia, to live with a cousin and an uncle. She took only her clothes and 12 jars of face cream.

  Helena didn’t speak English. She had no money and no plans. After she arrived, everyone noticed her beautiful skin. In Australia, the hot and dry weather is very bad for the skin. When she told some of the women the face cream, they all wanted some. Helena sold them her cream and then ordered more.

  Helena’s borrowed $1,500 and opened a shop to sell the cream. (80)She worked 18 hours a day, seven days a week. She lived simply and saved all of her profits. She also learned how to make different kinds of creams and showed women how to take care of their skin. It was the first shop of this kind in the world.

  In less than two years, Rubinstein had paid her loan and saved $50,000. She made more and more money every year. All this time, she thought only of work and success. A newspaper reporter named Edward Titus was in love with her. But she was not interested in him. She left Australia and went Europe to learn more about the science of beauty.

  11. Which of the following is TRUE?

  A. Helena Rubinstein became the richest person in the world in 1950.

  B. Helena’s father helped her to start her business.

  C. Helena was an energetic and ambitious person.

  D. Helena’s mother supported her with valuable business ideas.

  12. From the passage, we learn that__________.

  A. Helena had 8 sisters B. Helena was born in Poland

  C. Helena’s mother made skin cream for her daughter D. Helena’s father was a doctor

  13. Which of the following is TRUE?

  A. Helena went to Australia to study medicine.

  B. Helena went to Australia to do business.

  C. Helena’s uncle and cousin worked for her.

  D. The weather in Australia is very bad for the skin.

  14. Which of the following is NOT TRUE?

  A. Helena was a hardworking businessman.

  B. Helena saved all the money she made.

  C. Helena could make a variety of creams.

  D. Helena was in love with Edward Titus.

  15. Which of the following is probably the best title for this passage?

  A. The Science of Beauty B. The Story of Helena

  C. A Story of Love D. A Business Empire

  Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure (30%)

  Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the answer Sheet.

  16. She is more beautiful than _______ in the class.

  A. any girl B. any other girlC. all the girlsD. any girls

  17. Please don’t come here today. I would rather you ______ tomorrow.

  A. came B. will comeC. comeD. are coming

  18. Tom and John seldom go to the library in the evening, _______?

  A. do theyB. don’t theyC. are theyD. aren’t they

  19. It was in this room_______ they had a meeting yesterday.

  A. which B. thereC. thatD. where

  20. __________ it is very late now, the researchers are still working in the lab.

  A. AsB. WhenC. If D. Although

  21. _________ and you will make it next time.

  A. Work hard B. To work hardC. Working hardD. Worked hard

  22. Written is great haste, _______________.

  A. Jim made a lot of mistakes in the report.

  B. there are plenty of mistakes in the report.

  C. we found several mistakes in the report.

  D. the report is full of mistakes.

  23. The number of primary schools in the rural areas _______ doubling in the past 50 years.

  A. areB. isC. have beenD. has been

  24. The key ________ success is hard work and persistence.

  A. onB. toC. forD. of

  25. The train starts ______ 6:20, so you’d better get there before 6.

  A. onB. atC. inD. of

  26. In the past we had only a day off for the whole week: we work every day_________ Sunday.

  A. besidesB. besideC. exceptD. on top of

  27. Though Thomas is very busy, he _________ one evening a week to play with his kids.

  A. sets aside B. goes afterC. sees throughD. makes out

  28. The top of that mountain is always covered ________ snow.

  A. of B. byC. withD. on

  29. He does morning exercises every day_______ make himself strong.

  A. in order thatB. in order toC. so thatD. such that

  30. The girl was not happy at the new school because she had __________ friends there.

  A. fewB. a fewC. littleD. a little

  31. Beijing, as the capital of _____ People’s Republic of China, enjoys _______ diverse range of people and cultures.

  A. the; theB. a; aC. the; aD. a; the

  32. Now I ______ to work by bike instead of by car as there are too many cars on the road in rush hours.

  A. goB. wentC. am goingD. was going

  33. Generally, snakes won’t attack humans ______ they are threatened with danger.

  A. if B. sinceC. unlessD. while

  34. An old man got badly ______ in the road accident yesterday.

  A. injureB. to injureC. injuredD. injuring

  35. Would you mind _______ James that father is coming to see him this weekend?

  A. tellB. to tellC. tellingD. told

  36. David left _________ raincoat in the room and went out.

  A. hisB. himC. theirsD. them

  37. This is by far _________ of the games I have ever watched.

  A. the exciting B. the more excitingC. the most excitingD. as exciting

  38. I can easily ______ him a golf.

  A. hitB. strikeC. winD. beat

  39. Janet _________” Good morning!” to the teacher and then came in.

  A. saidB. spokeC. toldD. talked

  40. Lucy doesn’t like outdoor activities. Her only __________ is listening to classical music.

  A. customB. hobbyC. attitudeD. tradition

  41. These facts ________ show that he’s not to be trusted.

  A. singleB. soleC. aloneD. lonely

  42. The room was not tiny. Shoes, socks and books were seen ________ on the floor.

  A. now and thenB. here and thereC. hand in handD. side by side

  43. She _______ her finger to her lips as a sign for silence.

  A. roseB. raisedC. elevatedD. arose

  44. ______ coffee is coffee that you can prepare very quickly, for example by just adding hot water.

  A. Imaginary B. InstantC. ImpatientD. Intentional

  45. Even if parents no longer live together, they each continue to be _______ for their children in the eye of the law.

  A. reluctantB. toughC. responsibleD. modest

  Part Ⅲ Identification (10%)

  Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C, D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  46. If you had studied(A) the problem carefully yesterday (B), you won’t have (C) any difficulty now(D).

  47. Hardly they had(A) got to (B) the bus stop when (C) the bus suddenly pulled away (D).

  48. The mountain was (A) really very high(B), but (C) I tried hardly (D) to climb it.

  49. The reason (A) I didn’t attend (B) the lecture was simply because(C) I caught a bad cold (D) that day.

  50. DR. Bell gave (A) some lectures, visited (B) the Great Wall and going (C) shopping downtown in Beijing. (D)

  51. The first (A) man swim (B) across the (C) river will receive a prize (D).

  52. In (A) the morning I got on(B) the train, which arrived (C) Shanghai at night(D).

  53. Henry is not used to live(A) in a noisy and crowed (B) community though (C) he grew up(D) in New York.

  54. Do you know (A) the old English saying that (B) a apple(C) a day keeps (D) the doctor away?

  55. The harder he worked (A), the most (B) troubles he had (C) in his early days as a scientist (D).

  Part IV Cloze (10%)

  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  During a trip to observe wild animals in Africa, I encountered the least brave animal on earth, the wildebeest(角马). I sat on a riverbank for three hours watching a group of thousands build ___56___ the courage to drink water.

  More than a million wildebeests __57___ northward into the wetlands. It is a long, dry and difficult journey. Frequently, the only available water is the Grumeti River, __58__ represents both life and death. Unlike some creatures that can take moisture __59___the grass they eat, wildebeests must drink from the river to live. The river supports other wildlife, including __60____ that kill and eat other animals. Though thirsty ___61___ traveling, the wildebeests stand back from the water, sensing possible danger.

  Moving slowly toward the bank can ___62___hours, as an individual wildebeest steps forward, steps back and then carefully steps forward again. More wildebeests gather together and advance, gradually pushing the leaders to the river, ___63___ they want to go or not. It’s been a long time ___64__ they drink last time, and you feel their anxiety for water.

  Lions are possibly on the __65___, saving energy as they wait for an opportunity for lunch. Once the large group moves to the river, lions could __66__, making the group running in a wild and uncontrolled ___67___. The mad rush would raise a dust cloud that blocks the _68___ of the wildebeests nearby. A kill is almost guaranteed.

  Sitting on that riverbank, I noticed that a young wildebeest finally stepped ahead and drank while the ___69__ adults held back. Soon, others began drinking. But __70__ lining up along the bank, taking turns, they gathered and pushed. Some had to walk farther into the water than they were __71___ to go. Those pushed farther in water got frightened and in ___72___ frightened the others. They all retreated hastily and returned to their route. Only the few that were ____73___ enough got a drink. The others went __74___. There was no danger that day. Only the wildebeests’ fear and ___75___ of courage kept them from drinking.

  56. A. upB. outC. inD. over

  57. A. visitB. travelC. seeD. swim

  58. A. thatB. whichC. whereD. when

  59. A. aboveB. underC. fromD. over

  60. A. thisB. thoseC. thatD. them

  61. A. amongB. aboveC. fromD. between

  62. A. takeB. pay C. spendD. charge

  63. A. whenB. whereC. whatD. whether

  64. A. beforeB. becauseC. sinceD. though

  65. A. watchB. sightC. shoutD. walk

  66. A. rescueB. joinC. attack D. visit

  67. A. solutionB. wayC. method D. role

  68. A. fearB. shoutC. jumpD. view

  69. A. fearfulB. confidentC. pleasantD. happy

  70. A. regardless of B. instead of C. in case of D. in spite of

  71. A. interestingB. pleasantC. willingD. reluctant

  72. A. hopeB. storyC. stepD. turn

  73. A. shortB. boldC. kindD. small

  74. A. thirstB. hungerC. thirstyD. hungry

  75. A. showB. graspC. lookD. lack

  PartⅤ Translation (20%)

  Section A

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passaged you have just read in Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages to identify their meanings in the context.

  76. The bottle was found on an Australia island.

  77. The bottle was partially filled with wet sand.

  78. He was unable to give a cash tip, as a guest normally wound.

  79. A second Einstein note was also sold at the auction.

  80. She worked 18 hours a day, seven days a week.

  Section B

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

  81. 法国以葡萄酒而闻名。

  82. 你离开教室的时候,请把灯关上。

  83 我每天六点起床。

  84. 我们刚刚吃过午饭。

  85. 学生们正在打扫教室。

  参考答案:

  1-5 BDAAA 6-10 ACDBB 11-15 CBDDB

  16-20 BAACD 21-25 ADDBB 26-30 CACBA 31-35 CACCC 36-40 ACDAB

  41-45 CBBBC

  46-50 CADCC 51-55 BCACB

  56-60 ABBCB 61-65 AADCA 66-70 CBDAB 71-75 CDBCD

  76. 该瓶子在澳大利亚的一座岛屿被发现。

  77. 该瓶子部分装满了湿沙。

  78. 他不能像平常的客人那样给现金做小费。

  79. 爱因斯坦的第二张便条也在拍卖会上被卖出。

  80. 她一天工作18个小时,一周工作7天。

  81. France is famous for its wine.

  82. Please turn off the light when you leave the classroom.

  83. I get up at six every day.

  84. We had lunch just now.

  85. Students are cleaning the classroom.

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