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湖南成人高考学士学位英语考试真题及答案

2020-10-21 09:17:55   来源:湖南成考网    点击: 学习交流群+ 加入 微信公众号+ 关注
作者:陈老师

  【导读】湖南成考网为考生准备了湖南成人高考学士学位英语考试真题及答案复习材料。想要获得我省成考院校学士学位证书的考生需要通过学位英语考试,建议考生提前备考,多做真题,顺利通过考试。

湖南成人高考学士学位英语考试真题及答案

  湖南成人本科学士学位英语统一考试

  Part I Reading Comprehension(30%)

  Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  Passage 1

  Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

  Flores Colque celebrated her 118th birthday last month. She is the oldest woman in Bolivia ( 玻利维亚 ). Following

  the death of a woman in Japan earlier this year, Flores Colque may now be the oldest person in the world. Her national paper says Flores Colque was born on October 26, 1900 in the mountains of Bolivia.

  During her long life, Flores Colque has seen two world wars. Her home country of Bolivia had a major revolution. And the town where she is from has grown from 3,000 people to 175,000. But right now, Flores Colque seems mostly interested in her dogs and cats. She has not heard of the Guinness Book of World Records, and she does not care whether experts confirm she is the oldest person alive.

  “ She’ s always been active, easygoing and fun,” says her grandniece, who lives with her in a simple home with

  floor. Government officials have paid for some improvements to the house, adding a brick path and railings (

  栏杆 ) so

  Flores Colque can walk safely. The mayor ’ s office calls Flores Colque part of the country

  On the day a reporter visited, Flores Colque was playing a small guitar and singing old songs in her native language.

  ’ s living

  "If you would have told me y ou were coming, I ’ d have remembered all the songs," she joked.

  When she was growing up, Flores Colque herded sheep in the Bolivian highlands. (76)Then she moved to a valley,

  where she sold fruits and vegetables.Those fruits and vegetables became her main food, and she still eats a healthy

  diet— except for a piece of cake and a glass of soda sometimes. She never married and does not have children. She

  cannot hear very well, but she is alert ( 机敏的 ). Flores Colque ’ages would make her interesting anywhere, but it is

  especially notable in Bolivia. The United Nations says the country has one of the South America\\\\\\\\\\'s highest levels of death. 1. Which of the following is TRUE?

  A. The oldest person in Japan was born in 1901.

  B. Flores Colque is the oldest person in Bolivia.

  C. The oldest person in Japan knew Flores Colque.

  D. Flores Colque has read the Guinness Book of World Records.

  2. According to the passage, Flores Colque lives in now.

  A. Japan B. North America

  C. Europe D. South America

  3. The word herded in the last paragraph can probably be replaced by

  .

  A. made animals move along as a group

  B. fed animals as a group

  C. kept animals from hurting each other

  D. made sure animals did not follow one another

  4. From the passage we learn that Flores Colque once .

  A. sang to make a living B. fought in World War Two

  C. sold fruits and vegetables D. worked as an animal doctor

  5. Which of the following statements about Flores Colque is NOT TRUE? A. She is easygoing.

  B. She keeps pets.

  C. She remains single all her life.

  D. She lives alone.

  Passage 2

  Question 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:

  Playing video games can be a fun way to unwind or spend time with friends. In schools, teachers use games like Minecraft to encourage teamwork and critical thinking.

  (77)But for some players. gaming has become an unhealthy habit. Late at night, they are glued to a screen.

  Schoolwork suffers. The video-game world seems a friendlier place than the real one.

  Mental health experts have taken notice. In June, the World Health Organization (WHO) added gaming disorder to its list of diseases and health conditions. A person may have the disorder if gaming has damaged his or her relationships with family and friends, and if it has affected his or her daily activities.

  Not all experts agree that excessive gaming should be called a disorder. They say people hooked on video games may be suffering from other mental health problems that should be treated first.

  Others think WHO made the right call. Psychiatrist ( 精神科医生 ) Clifford Sussman treats gaming addiction ( 上瘾 ).

  (78) He says kids often have feelings of anxiety and loneliness. They get angry when a parent asks them to stop playing video games.

  What makes video games addictive? Playing excites the brain\\\\\\\\\\'s reward center. After a while, the brain becomes numb (麻木的 ) to pleasure. You feel bored without a controller in your hand. So you play even more.

  One key to healthy gaming is to track how long you play. Sussman recommends taking at least an hour-long break

  after every hour of play. That gives the brain time to recover.

  Young gamers who think they might have a problem should seek help from an adult. Sussman suggests you first

  answer a simple question: "Are you in control, or is the game in control? ”

  6. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. Mental Health Problems

  B. Excessive Gaming C. Unhealthy Habits

  D. Teamwork Training

  7. The word unwind in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to_______.

  A. match B. meet C. retreat D. relax

  8.Clifford Sussman\\\\\\\\\\'s attitude to WHO ’S recognition of excessive gaming as a disorder is________. A. supportive B. doubtful C. neutral D. critical

  9. Sussman advises game players to______. A. quit playing video games

  B. play sports instead of video games

  C. go to the hospital to get medical treatment

  D. rest for at least an hour after every hour of play

  10. According to the passage, which of thy following statements is NOT TRUE? A. Video games are addictive.

  B. Video games are never used in classroom teaching.

  C. Excessive gaming may affect a person ’ s daily activities.

  D. Some experts don ’ t think excessive gaming should be called a disorder.

  Passage3

  Question 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

  Jayden Hairston was very disappointed. More than anything in the world, he wanted to learn

  how to sing. His school in Yonkers —just north of New York City — didn ’ t offer the music instruction he needed. So he begged his parents to sign him for after-school lessons.

  Jayden\\\\\\\\\\'s mother wanted to help her son follow his passion. (79)But private lessons were too expensive.Jayden, then 6 years old, knew exactly what to do. He took out his iPad. Then he began searching after-school arts programs. He soon came across the website for Harlem School of the Arts (HSA), in New York City. There, he could take voice and dance lessons. It was a bit far from Yonkers. But he convinced his parents to take him for a visit.

  That was three years ago. Now Jayden is one of HSA\\\\\\\\\\'S most active students. He takes singing, dancing, or theater lessons almost every day after school. (80)Last year, he performed in seven productions.

  Like Jayden, students in many communities across the United States have limited access ( 使 用的机会或权利 ) to

  arts instruction in schools.HSA is one of many nonprofit groups that bridges this gap by offering affordable arts classes.

  Groups like HSA are funded by donations (捐赠 ) and state grants. Many also receive money from the federal

  government ’ s National Endowment基( 金 )for the Arts (NEA).

  The NEA was established in 1965. Its goal is to promote access to the arts for all Americans. Some people, however, believe it\\\\\\\\\\'s not the responsibility of the federal government to provide arts funding. President Donald Trump ’ s2019 proposal calls on Congress to reduce NEA funding and eventually eliminate the agency, The Trump administration argues that private and other public sources already provide funding for the arts. Congress has yet to make a decision.

  Supporters of arts education say cutting the NEA is a bad idea. It could leave many children unable to participate In the arts. That\\\\\\\\\\'s because 40% of the agency s grants go to high-poverty neighborhoods

  11.

  Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. Arts Education Is Expensive

  B. Jaden Has Great Musical Talent

  C. Some Students Have Limited Access to Arts Instruction D. Trump Calls on Congress to Reduce Arts Funding

  12. Jayden got the information about HSA from_______.

  A. his motherB. his music teacherC. the Internet D. the newspaper

  13.Jayden Hairston is _ years old now.

  A.6B. 7C.8 D. 9

  14.The word eliminate in Paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to ________.

  A. criticizeB. remove C. rebuildD. run

  15. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. HSA is a nonprofit group established in 1965.

  B. Congress agrees to Trump\\\\\\\\\\'s proposal to cut the NEA.

  C. Arts instruction directly affects students\\\\\\\\\\' academic success.

  D. Jayden takes singing, dancing, and theater lessons at HSA.

  Part II Vocabulary and Structure (30%)

  Directions: in this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  16.If Peter ____ to the office tomorrow, tell him the news please.

  A.comeB. comesC. cameD. will come

  17.Yesterday Mr.Smith bought ____ English dictionary while I got a Russian novel in the bookstore.

  AB. anC. theD. /

  18.Every day ____ water is wasted here though we are badly short of it.

  A.anyB.a number ofC. a lot ofD. these

  19.Lucy got to the station ____ late to catch the train, so she had to wait for the next one.

  A. enoughB. veryC.too D. rather

  20.There are not ____ students in Class One as in Class Two.

  A. many as B. as manyC. more asD. as more

  21.Yourhard workhas made the project a success. Without your work it ____ complete failure. A. was B.

  were C. beD.would have been

  22.She speaks English ____ than her brother does.

  A. BestB. betterC.goodD. well

  23. —— Must we hand in our exercise books today?

  —— Yes, ____ .

  A. you will B. you must C. you do D. you can

  24. They will have learned Russian for 7 years by the time they ____ from the university next year.

  A. will graduate B. will have graduated C.graduate D.are going to graduate

  25. —— Why did you sell the old car at such a low price?

  —— I did it only because I was made ____ it.

  A. DoB. to do c. doingD. done

  26.On his way home, he suddenly heard his name ____ .

  A. CallingB.calledC. to callD. call

  27.There was an ____ look on his face when the actress appeared on the stage.

  A.excitedB.exciteC. excitingD. excited

  28.Under no circumstance ____ to tell lies to parents.

  A. children are allowedB. are children allowed

  C. children will allowD. will children allow

  29.Lily ____ have known the truth, or she would have told us.

  A. mustn’ t B. shouldn\\\\\\\\\\'tC.canD. needn\\\\\\\\\\'t

  30.George applied for the position three times ____ he finally got it.

  A. BeforeB. until

  C. whenD.after

  31.The best way to ____ this goal is to introduce new advanced technology.

  A. CrossB. performC.achieveD. complete

  32.The man who was accused ____ stealing the car said that he was not guilty

  A. forB. with

  C. of

  D. about

  33. If you want to treat your friends to dinner in a good restaurant at the weekend, you\\\\\\\\\\'d better book a table ____ .

  A. in frontB. before

  C. ahead of

  D. in advance

  34.Can you do the job alone, or do you want someone to ____ you?

  A. affectB.assist

  C. apply

  D. arrange

  35.But for her mother\\\\\\\\\\'s sudden illness, she would never think of breaking this with you.

  A. reviewB. interview

  C. movementD. appointment

  36.When my American friends talk about China, they will always ____ it with the Great Wall.

  A. advertiseB. associateC. attach

  D. combine

  37.The company is starting a new advertising campaign to ____ new customers to its stores.

  A. attendsB.attract

  C. stick

  D. transfer

  38.It\\\\\\\\\\'s wrong to judge people only according to their family ____ .

  A. basisB. areaC. task

  D. background

  39.Jog\\\\\\\\\\'s friends all have a new bicycle, and he ____ wants one, too.

  A. badlyB. veryC. ratherD. barely

  40.Although they plant trees in this area every year, the tops of some hills are still ____ .

  A. blankB. bareC. hollow

  D. vacant

  41. —— What has the boy who fell off the bike?

  —— Nothing serious. The doctor says that he can come back to school in a day or two.

  A. become ofB. happened withC. occurred of

  42.It\\\\\\\\\\'s bad ____ for a man to smoke in the public places.

  A. behavior

  B. actionC. movement

  43.I was shocked ____ the president\\\\\\\\\\'s words.

  A. withB. at

  C. in

  44.The United States has long ____ been to be among the best places in the world for higher education.

  A. proposedB. readC. consideredD. to

  45.In recent years, several companies have developed new English language tests that are low-cost and ____ to use.

  A. easyB. gladC. happyD. well

  Part III Identification (10%)

  Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. identify the one that is not correct. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  46. Hardly had he entered (A) the office that(B) he realized(C) that he had left (D)his report behind.

  47. Alice is (A) fond of playing (B)the piano while Henry is(C)interested in listening to the(D) music.

  48. The boy sitting (A) by the window is (B )the only one of the students who are(C)from the countrysidein (D) our

  school.

  49. They can (A)read such stories what (B)have been (C)rewritten in (D) simple English.

  50. Excuse me(A), could you please tell (B) me when is the sports meet(C) going to be held(D)?

  51. On (A)addition, more than one-third(B) of Americans over the age of 25(C) have a college degree or higher.(D) 52.Scientists have (A) long struggle with (B) how to measure the effects(C) of climate change on wildlife(D).

  53. Florida’ s busiest(A)airport will be the first(B) in the country(C) to scan face (D)of all passengers.

  54. Americans (A )are not very creating (B) when (C) it comes to (D) breakfast.

  55. Parents today are concerned (A) that their children (B) are spending too many (C) time on a computer (D) or

  other electronic devices.

  Part IV Cloze

  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D

  at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  Walking through the woods alone can be a frightening prospect for a kid, but not for 7-year-old Matthew of

  Portland, Oregon. He doesn ’ t have a backyard to in, so the woods behind his house serve the same . He

  spends hours out there swinging on a swing, across the valley to a friend\\\\\\\\\\'s house, and garden knives

  to cut a path. He lays sticks to form a bridge across the small stream. And he does all of this alone.

  Matthew\\\\\\\\\\'s mom, Laura Randall, wants her son to gain skills and confidence that only with doing things

  alone. But she disn ’ t just her 7-year-old outside the door with garden tools one day. They worked up to it

  gradually with what Randall calls experiments in independence.

  “ Just those moments, increasingly longer moments, where he can choose to be his own. Randall explains.

  Randall knows this isn\\\\\\\\\\'t the for today\\\\\\\\\\'s parenting style. Gone are the days kids ride their bikes alone

  until the streetlights come on.

  Randall has met people who think she\\\\\\\\\\'s a

  parent. Once, an off-duty police fficer started yelling at her

  when she left Matthew alone in the cara few inutes while she ran into a shop

  Randall knows that parents in several states have been arrested fortheir kids walk to the park alone, or

  eventhem to walk to school. And so she was a bit

  about what this man might do.

  Anyway, they talked it out, and the man walked

  Randall felt confident abouther parenting,

  partlyshe had connected with a group

  Free Range Kids. This groupchildhood

  independence, and gives families the information they need to push back against a culture of overprotection.

  56.A. swimB. playC. moveD. purpose

  57.A. roadB. pathC. targetD. live

  58.A. walking

  B. arrivingC. reachingD. speaking

  59.A. useB. enjoyC. usingD. enjoying

  60.A. outB. awayC. downD. off

  61.A. putB. comeC. reactD. pay

  62.A. forbidB. orderC. treatD. leave

  63.A. atB inC. withD. on

  64.A. standard

  B. freedomC. relationD. reflection

  65.A. whenB. whichC. where

  D. what

  66.A. kindB. goodC. bad

  D. sick

  67.A withB. forC. onD. at

  68.A. accompanying B. askingC. encouragingD. letting

  69.A. forbid

  B. allowC. forbiddingD. allowing

  70.A. excited

  B movedC. worriedD. pleased

  71.A. away

  B. across

  C. up

  D. out

  72.A. persuadingB. defending C. arguing

  D. opening

  73.A although

  B. beforeC becauseD until

  74.A. describe

  B. call

  C. describedD called

  75.A. respondsB. opposesC. providesD. promotes

  Part V Translation

  Section A

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages to identify their meanings in the context.

  76. Then she moved to a valley, where she sold fruits and vegetables.

  77. But for some players, gaming has become an unhealthy habit.

  78. He says kids often have feelings of anxiety and loneliness.

  79. But private lessons were too expensive 。

  80. Last year, he performed in seven productions.

  Section B

  Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

  81. 由于下大雨,到处都出现了交通拥堵。

  82. 如果不能来开会,请告诉我。

  83. 我们刚才去超市了。 84. 早餐我通常吃面包和鸡蛋。

  85. 外面太嘈杂了,我无法集中精力。

  成人本科学士学位英语统一考试

  2018年11月10日

  答案解析

  1. B. 根据文章“ Flores Colque celebrated her 118th birthday last month. She is the oldest woman in Bolivia. ”可以得出答案。

  2. D. 根据文章“ She is the oldest woman in Bolivia. ” Bolivia 在南美洲,这道题需要一点地理知识。

  可以得出答案。

  3. A. herded一词的意思为“放牧”。

  4. C.根据文章“ Then she moved to a valley, where she sold fruits and vegetables.”可以得出答

  案。

  5. B.根据文章““ She’s always been active, easygoingand fun, ” saysher grandniece, who lives

  with her in a simple home with a dirt floor.”可以得出答案。

  6. B.通篇在讲过度游戏的影响,故而答案为B。

  7. A. unwind的意思为:放松。

  8. A. 根据第五段的态度可以得出答案。

  9. D. 根据文章“ Sussman recommends taking at least an hour-long break after every hour of play. ”

  可以得出答案。

  10. C. 根据文章“ In schools, teachers use games like Minecraft to encourage teamwork and critical

  thinking. ”可以得出答案。

  11. C. 根据全文及最后一段的表述可以得出答案。

  12. C. 根据文章“ He took out his iPad. Then he began searching after-school arts programs. ”

  可以得出答案。

  13. C. 根据文章“ Jayden, then 6 years old, knew exactly what to do. That was three years ago. ”

  可以得出答案。

  14. B. eliminate的意思为:消除、排除、取消。与选项B 的意思相同。

  15.A.根据文章“ HSA isone ofmany nonprofitgroupsthat bridges this gap by offering affordable

  arts classes. The NEA was established in 1965.” 可以得出答案。

  16.B.主语为第三人称,其后谓语动词应该为三单。

  17.B. English第 1 个因素为原音,故而用 an.

  18.C. a lot of water很多水。

  19.C. too ⋯ to ⋯太⋯⋯以至于。

  20.B. as ⋯ as⋯像⋯⋯一样多。

  21.D. would have done虚拟语气,意思为:本将会怎样。

  22.B. better为 good 的比较级。

  23.B.以 must 开头的疑问句,其肯定回答依然用must。

  24.C.考查主将从现。

  25.B. be made to do sth.被要求做⋯⋯

  26.B. hear sth done听到什么事情被做。

  27.A. an excited look一个兴奋的表情。

  28.B. be allowed被要求。

  29.A. mustn’t 表推测。

  30.A. before在⋯⋯以前。

  31.C. achieve the goal达到目标。

  32.C. be accused of被指责,被控告。

  33.D. in advance提前。

  34.B. assist帮助,援助。

  35.D. break an appointment爽约。

  36.B. associate⋯ with ⋯与⋯⋯联系在一起

  37.B. attract sb. to⋯ 吸引某人去某地。

  38.D. family background家庭背景。

  39.A. badly很,非常。

  40.B. bare赤裸的,无遮蔽的。

  41.A. what has become of sb= What has happened to sb某人怎么样了?

  42.A. bad behavior坏习惯。

  43.B. be shocked at对⋯⋯感到震惊。

  44.C. have been long considered一直被认为。

  45.A. easy to use使用方便。

  46.B.改为 which.

  47.D.删除 the 。

  48.C.此处改为 is 。

  49.B.改为 as。

  50.C.改为 sport meeting 。

  51.A.此处改为 In 。

  52.D.改为 struggled。

  53.D.改为 faces 。

  54.B.改为 creative。

  55.C.改为 much。

  56.B. play

  玩耍。

  57.D. purpose 目的,用途。

  58.A. walking walk across

  穿过。

  59.C. using

  使用。

  60.C. down lay down

  躺下。

  61.C. react

  反应。

  62.B. order

  命令。

  63.D. on on one’ s own 独立的,独自的。

  64.A. standard标准。

  65.A. when 当⋯⋯的时候。

  66.C. bad a bad parent坏家长。

  67.B. for for +时间段。表示一段时间。

  68.D. letting let sb. do sth.让某人做某事。

  69.D. allowing allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事。

  70.C. worried worry about担心。

  71.A. away walk away走开。

  72.B. defending抵御,防卫。

  73.C. because由于,因为。

  74.D. called被称为⋯⋯

  75.D. promotes促进,提升。

  76. 然后她搬去了一个山谷,在那里她卖蔬菜和水果。

  77. 但是对一些玩家来说,玩游戏已经成了一个不健康的习惯。

  78. 他说孩子们经常感到焦虑和孤独。

  79. 但是私教课太贵了。

  80. 上一年,他在七个工作室表演过。

  81. Traffic jams are everywhere due to the heavy rain.

  82. Please tell me if you can ’ t come to the meeting.

  83. We went to the supermarket just now.

  84. I usually have bread and egg for breakfast.

  85. It ’ s so noisy outside that I can ’ t concentrate.

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