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2019年湖南成人高考高起专英语复习资料(九)

2019-09-21 08:47:39   来源:湖南成考网    点击: 学习交流群+ 加入 微信公众号+ 关注
作者:王老师
  (九)

  Professor Stephen Hawking Professor Stephen Hawking is a sufferer of motor neurone disease. The effects of this disease mean that he is unable to speak, breathe or move without the help of a machine. Stephen Hawking is not internationally famous for his illness, but for his scientific work which has won him numerous awards. In this article, we look at the life of an amazing man who has been called 'the greatest genius of the late 20th century.' Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford, England on 8th January 1942. He went to school in St Albans -- a small city near London. Although he did well, he was never top of his class. After leaving school, Hawking went first to Oxford University where he studied Physics, then he went to Cambridge University where he studied cosmology a study of the origin of the universe). As he himself admits, he wasn't very serious about studying. He was a very lazy student, and did very little work. However, he still achieved extremely good marks. It was at the age of 20 that Hawking first noticed something was wrong with him. He started to bump into things, and once or twice fell over for no reason. When he visited his family at Christmas time, his father was so worried that he made him see a doctor. Hawking was sent to hospital for tests. Finally, the results came back. Hawking had motor neurone disease, an incurable illness which causes the muscles of the body to waste away. Doctors said he would die before he was 23. At first, Hawking became extremely depressed. After a while, though, he began to see his life in a different light. As he later wrote,' Before my illness had been diagnosed, I had been very bored with life. There had not seemed to be anything worth doing. But shortly after I came out of hospital ... I suddenly realized that there were a lot of worthwhile things I could do' Hawking married, found a job at Cambridge University, and had three children. He also went on to do some of the most important scientific research ever carried out. Today, Hawking still works at Cambridge University. He strongly believes that his story shows that nobody, however bad their situation is, should lose hope. 'Life is not fair' he once said .'You just have to do. the best you can in the situation you are in' [共10题]

  (1) As a university student, Stephen Hawking...

  (A) worked extremely hard

  (B) studied Maths and Chemistry

  (C) was lazy and did very little work.

  (D) only achieved average marks

  正确答案:C

  (2) Hawking first noticed something was wrong with him when ...

  (A) he visited his family at Christmas time one year

  (B) he was 20.

  (C) his father made him see a doctor.

  (D) he was sent to hospital for tests.

  正确答案:B

  (3) Motor neurone disease ...

  (A) is not a serious illness

  (B) causes the muscles of the body to grow bigger.

  (C) cannot be cured

  (D) only affects people under the age of 23.

  正确答案:C

  (4) When Hawking was first diagnosed with motor neurone disease, he ...

  (A) began to see his life in a different way

  (B) became very bored with life.

  (C) decided that nothing in life was worth doing

  (D) became very depressed.

  正确答案:D

  (5) it's OK to lose hope.

  (A) works at Oxford University

  (B) works at Cambridge University

  (C) carries out research into motor neurone disease

  (D) does not rely on a machine to speak.

  正确答案:B

  (6) Hawking believes that ...

  (A) you should always do your best however bad your situation is

  (B) life is fair.

  (C) nobody's life is as bad as his

  (D) it's OK to lose hope.

  正确答案:A

  (7) admits means

  (A) recognize as truth (B) says

  (C) lies about (D) tells of

  正确答案:A

  (8) worthwhile means

  (A) interested (B) valuable (C) sensible (D) happy

  正确答案:B

  (9) light means

  (A) lamp (B) direction (C) way (D) breaks

  正确答案:C

  (10) waste away means

  (A) disappear (B) grow more powerful

  (C) grow weaker and weaker (D) grow stronger

  正确答案:C

  Why Water Is So Important A healthy diet is made up of water and a great many different kinds of foods.We know that healthy foods like fruit,vegetables and fish,are important as they provide us with energy and fibre,without giving us too much fat and sugar.But why is water important? The human body needs water to survive.Water is important as it carries poisons and waste out of our bodies.However,doctors advise us to drink plenty of water, much more than the small amount we need to stay alive.Some doctors believe that water is important for our health in all kinds of ways.They believe that a great many illnesses and health problems start as a result of dehydration——a lack of water in the body .Most people are dehydrated at 1east some of the time, although they probably don't know it.It is surprising to learn that if we feel thirst,we are already in the first stages of dehydration.In fact,we are advised to drink water before we feel thirsty. These doctors think that health problems such as headaches,high blood pressure and asthma could be helped if people drank more water.They also believe that drinking more water can help people who are overweight.Water contains no calories so it will not make us put on weight.If we drink water,we will probably drink less sugary soft drinks such as Coca-Cola.Doctors also believe that drinking more water may stop people from overeating They say that many people think that they are hungry when they are,in fact,thirsty. Doctors suggest,therefore,that we eat less food and drink more water. There are still many health problems that cannot be solved by drinking water,so we should not stop going to see the doctor completely. However, if we make a decision to drink water everyday,we may find that we need to go to the doctor a lot less often. [共10题]

  (1) For a healthy diet we need...

  (A) water (B) food

  (C) water and different foods (D) fibre

  正确答案:C

  (2) Importantiy,water carries…

  (A) energy and fibre around our bodies

  (B) poisons and waste out of our bodies

  (C) sugar and fat out of our bodies

  (D) fruit,vegetables and fish around our bodies.

  正确答案:B

  (3) Importantly,water carries…

  (A) energy and fibre around our bodies

  (B) poisons and fat out of our bodies

  (C) suger and fat out of our bodies.

  (D) fruit,vegetables and fish around our bodies.

  正确答案:C

  (4) Some doctors think that…

  (A) people eat too much sugar.

  (B) water is not important for our health.

  (C) we should go to the doctor less often.

  (D) some health problems are caused by a lack of water.

  正确答案:D

  (5) Lack of water causes people to put on weight because...

  (A) they think they are hungry and eat

  (B) they think they are thirsty and eat less.

  (C) water has no calories.

  (D) it makes them hungry.

  正确答案:A

  (6) If we drink water everyday we may...

  (A) never go to the doctor.

  (B) eat healthy food.

  (C) go to the doctor more often

  (D) go to the doctor less often.

  正确答案:D

  (7) Which is true?

  (A) vegetable and fish provide us with fat and sugar

  (B) our body needs water to suvive

  (C) doctors think that some people drink too much water

  (D) coca-cola contains no calories

  正确答案:B

  (8) survive means

  (A) be healthy (B) stay alive

  (C) stay awake (D) stay asleep

  正确答案:B

  (9) poisons means

  (A) foods (B) illness

  (C) things that cause deaths or illness (D) animals

  正确答案:C

  (10) What are health foods.

  (A) fruits (B) fish

  (C) vegetable (D) all above

  正确答案:D

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